Hiroshima is a Japanese city situated 190 miles south west of Kobe at the head of a bay in the Korean Strait. It was an important religious and commercial centre. Seventy years ago today, at 8 a.m. on 6th August 1945, the first atomic bomb used in warfare was released over Hiroshima by a US Air Force Super-Fortress. It destroyed the greater part of the city's centre to a radius of nearly one-and-a-half miles and over 78,000 people were killed. Rebuilding began in 1947.
Another atomic bomb exploded over Nagasaki on the 9th August and Japan surrendered unconditionally to the Allies in the same month. Her empire vanished and her homeland was occupied by the Western Allies from 1945 to 1951.